A frame, which forms an essential pillar, holds the house in place and prevents collapse. House frames are made of beams that are joined to create what is referred to as the “bones” of the structure. Therefore, a strong frame is a sign that the house will remain steady for decades, but when the frame is faulty or standing on a weak foundation, the house can come down tumbling any moment.
The building code
To ensure all buildings are built with the recommended safety standards in mind, there is established the safety code that all contractors and builders have to apply. The code includes a set of rules that prescribe best practices especially for large structures. The rules are formatted in accordance with engineering principles and any house has to comply to be fit for occupation.
Minerals used for house framing
There are many types of materials that are used for wall framing. Many houses have metal frames, mostly those in the commercial category, but there are others where the framing is done using wood. One of the reasons wood is commonly used is because it is less expensive and easier to use (no welding required, weighs less and can be cut into desired sizes and shape easily). Homes that have metal frames are a bit expensive to construct, but the benefit comes with durability and stability, which surpasses that of wood.
The foundations of many houses are made of concrete, which is the most suitable way to establish a foundation because it offers a tough base and is inexpensive.
To create frames, you need to start all the way from the foundation. To set up the foundation, you should choose a floor beneath the ground, which offers a good way to establish a strong base. There should be extra long concrete sections, also referred to as footers, which are normally made along the perimeter of the foundation to give reinforcement to the exterior walls of the house. To enhance support, beams are buried into the foundation.
Balloon wall framing
For a long time, people have used balloon framing, but it is now getting replaced with platform framing. In balloon framing, wall studs are built to extend from the base up to the roof. Part of the reason this option is no longer preferred is because it requires long lumber for the construction, and this makes the project more expensive. Additionally, it makes it easier for fire to spread quickly across the continuous walls. Metal frames have been seen to be a much better alternative as they decrease the risk of fire spreading quickly and are significantly cheaper.
Platform wall framing
A lot of modern structures are built using the platform wall framing technology. In this framing technology, walls are built independently on each floor and held together by their own structural stability instead of relying on studs that run from the foundation. This option is much safer as it does not facilitate the spread of fire like balloon framing. Many builders prefer platform framing because it allows easier construction of upper floors.
This is a process in which concrete is overlaid with a more usable wall that supports wiring for electricity and insulation against electric elements.
Things to consider before you start working on wall framing in your basement
Leveling. You need to understand that some basement floors and walls are not completely level, so you will be required to take measurements of the walls from the floor to the ceiling. Also check if they are vertical using a plumb line.
Materials. You should consider using pressure-treated lumber for the construction of the bottom plates, and reason is that dampness could raise issues with basement framing and might form a source of weaknesses with time.
Obstructions. To work on your basement, you have to be careful as there is possibility there are many components housed by the basement that are important. This could include hot water heaters, furnaces, and equipment.
Problems with moisture. Before you start any work, ensure to address issues that come about due to moisture, for example, mold on the walls.
Building codes. Building regulations vary from one place to another, so depending on the region you live in, you might need a building permit to start the work. Sometimes your work may require inspections at different stages, so be sure to check what is required as you don’t want to be caught on the wrong side of the law.
With any carpenter, you can do wall framing, but what makes it a complex process is issues like the ones mentioned above. Despite the cost, framing your basement is worth it and will help to increase space and raise the resale value of the home.
There are few things that determine the kind of wall framing you apply. Where you are building determines the framing you should choose as some techniques are suited for some areas. Whatever your area is, make sure to match the right frame and installation technique and you will be happy to enjoy a strong structure for many years.